Augustine of Hippo
- (354–430)Saint, Bishop and Theologian.Augustine was born in Tagaste, North Africa, to a Christian mother (monica) and a pagan father. Educated at the University of Carthage, as a young man he abandoned his faith, took a mistress and fathered a son. In c. 374 he became a Manichaean, but after coming under the influence of Bishop ambrose in Milan, he was baptised in 387. On his return to North Africa, he was ordained and in 395 he was consecrated Bishop of Hippo. Augustine described his life before he became a Christian in his Confessions and this has become a classic of Christian spirituality. (His prayer ‘O God make me chaste – but don’t do it just yet’ is known even outside Church circles.) However, Augustine is primarily remembered as a theologian. He defended Christian doctrine against the Manichaeans who believed in a fundamental conflict between darkness and light. In contrast, Augustine taught that God’s creation was all good and that evil was merely the absence of good. Against the Donatists, he insisted that the unworthiness of God’s ministers in no way affected the validity of the Sacraments, since Jesus Christ was the true minister. Against pelagius and his followers, he defined original sin as the inherited guilt of the first man, Adam, and he taught that human beings could only be obedient to God through divine grace. His best-known work, the Civitas Dei (City of God), was written as a reply to pagans who were arguing that the fall of Rome to the Goths in 410 was the result of the abolition of idolatrous worship. The book became a theology of history, describing the fortunes of the two cities created by worldly and heavenly love. Augustine’s writings have been immensely influential and he is a major figure in the history of Christian thought. In particular his teachings were much used by the Protestant Reformers against the Aristotelianism of thomas aquinas and the Schoolmen. Within the Roman Catholic world, the theologies of Augustine and Aquinas have been held together in a state of creative tension.St Augustine, Confessions, edited and translated by H. Chadwick (1991);The City of God, edited and translated by G.E. McCracken, 7 Vols (1957–72);H. Chadwick, Augustine (1986);P. Brown, Augustine of Hippo (1967).
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Augustine of Hippo — This article is about the theologian and philosopher, Augustine of Hippo. For his theodicy regarding the problem of evil, see Augustinian theodicy. Augustine , Saint Augustine , and Augustinus redirect here. For other uses, see Augustine… … Wikipedia
Augustine of Hippo, St. — (354 430) The greatest of the Latin church fathers. Augustine s influence extended from late antiquity into the early Middle Ages and beyond. His voluminous writings, of more than 5 million words, shaped much of the intellectual culture of… … Encyclopedia of Barbarian Europe
Augustine of Hippo — (354 430) Aurelius Augustinus is usually known in English as Augustine of Hippo , since he was bishop of that place and, confusingly, shares his name with Augustine of Canterbury. He was the first major Christian philosopher and remains one of … Christian Philosophy
Augustine of Hippo, St — (354–430) Major Christian philosopher and theologian and the key figure in the transition from pagan to specifically Christian philosophy. Born at Tagaste in North Africa of a pagan father and a Christian mother (St Monica), Augustine studied… … Philosophy dictionary
AUGUSTINE OF HIPPO — (354 430) the greatest of the Latin CHRISTIAN Fathers and African theologians and one of the outstanding thinkers of all time. Augustine was of Berber descent and almost certainly Black. His mother, Monica, was a Christian whose virtues he… … Concise dictionary of Religion
Augustine of Hippo — noun (Roman Catholic Church) one of the great Fathers of the early Christian church; after a dramatic conversion to Christianity he became bishop of Hippo Regius in North Africa; St. Augustine emphasized man s need for grace (354 430) • Syn:… … Useful english dictionary
Augustine of Hippo, Teaching of Saint — • Article on Augustine as a Doctor of the Church, and his influence in the history of philosophy and theology. Particular interest in his teaching on grace Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 … Catholic encyclopedia
Augustine of Hippo, Works of Saint — • Annotated bibliography of Augustine s principal writings Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 … Catholic encyclopedia
Augustine of Hippo, Life of Saint — • Biography, with extensive hyperlinks to related articles Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 … Catholic encyclopedia
Augustine of Hippo, Saint — (354–430) Saint Augustine of Hippo is perhaps the most influential of the fathers of the western Christian church. He wrote voluminously, helping to establish what became orthodox Christianity as distinguished from what are now seen as… … Encyclopedia of medieval literature